Dysfunction of the biliary tract in children: traditional approaches and new postulates

O.Yu. Lukianenko, T.I. Panteleeva


Digestive system diseases take one of the leading places in the structure of somatic pathology of childhood. Functional disorders of the biliary tract is a set of clinical symptoms, which developed as a result of motor-tonic dysfunction of the gallbladder, bile duct and sphincter apparatus. A literature search was conducted on Scopus, Web of Science, MedLine, PubMed, Google Scholar, CyberLeninka, RSCI using the following search terms: functional gallbladder disorder, sphincter of Oddi disorder, biliary dyskinesia, children. This article discusses etiopathogenetic aspects of the biliary disorders in childhood. The modern diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to the disorders of the gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi in pediatric patients (in the context of Rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders) are considered.


functional disorders; biliary tract; children; Rome IV criteria; review


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